General Surgery

Understanding Breast Lumps and Surgical Excision as a Treatment Option:

Breast lumps can be a concerning discovery for both women and men. While not all lumps are cancerous, it is essential to understand their nature and available treatment options.

Understanding Breast Lumps:

Breast lumps are abnormal growths or swellings that can occur in the breast tissue. These lumps may be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Some common causes of breast lumps include hormonal changes, fibrocystic changes, cysts, fibroadenomas, and, in rare cases, breast cancer. It is crucial to consult a healthcare professional to determine the nature of the lump through a comprehensive evaluation that may include mammography, ultrasound, and biopsy.

Surgical Excision:

Surgical excision, also known as lumpectomy or breast-conserving surgery, is a treatment option primarily used for the removal of breast lumps. It involves the surgical removal of the lump along with a surrounding margin of healthy tissue. This procedure aims to eliminate the lump while preserving the appearance and function of the breast. Surgical excision is commonly recommended for benign lumps, as well as certain cases of early-stage breast cancer when the tumour size allows for preservation of breast tissue.

Procedure and Recovery:

During surgical excision, a surgeon makes an incision near the lump and removes it, along with a small margin of healthy tissue. The excised tissue is then sent for further examination to ensure complete removal and assess its nature. Recovery time varies depending on the extent of the procedure, but most patients can resume regular activities within a few days. Follow-up care, including monitoring for any recurrence or complications, will be determined by the healthcare provider.

Breast lumps require careful evaluation to determine their nature and appropriate treatment. Surgical excision, or lumpectomy, is a common treatment option for both benign and early-stage cancerous lumps. By removing the lump while preserving the breast tissue, surgical excision offers a targeted approach that aims to achieve both effective treatment and optimal cosmetic outcomes. Consultation with a healthcare professional is crucial for accurate diagnosis and individualised treatment plans.