General Surgery

Understanding Gastritis, Abdominal Pain, Gastric Ulcers, and Treatment:

Gastritis, abdominal pain, and gastric ulcers are common gastrointestinal conditions that can significantly impact a person’s well-being. Let’s know these conditions, including their causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options. By understanding these aspects, individuals can make informed decisions and seek appropriate medical care for effective management.

Understanding Gastritis:

Gastritis refers to the inflammation of the stomach lining, which can be acute or chronic. It can be caused by factors such as infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria, prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), excessive alcohol consumption, stress, or autoimmune disorders. Symptoms of gastritis include indigestion, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, and loss of appetite. Seeking medical evaluation is essential to diagnose the condition accurately and determine the underlying cause.

Abdominal Pain: Causes and Evaluation

Abdominal pain can be a common symptom associated with various gastrointestinal conditions, including gastritis and gastric ulcers. It can be caused by factors such as inflammation, irritation, infection, or structural abnormalities. It is crucial to consult a healthcare professional for a comprehensive evaluation, which may include physical examination, medical history review, imaging tests (such as ultrasound or CT scan), and endoscopic procedures (such as gastroscopy) to identify the cause of the abdominal pain accurately.

Understanding Gastric Ulcers:

Gastric ulcers are open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach. They can be a result of untreated or poorly managed gastritis. Factors contributing to gastric ulcers include H. pylori infection, long-term NSAID use, excessive acid production, and stress. Common symptoms include burning pain in the upper abdomen, nausea, bloating, and unintended weight loss. Diagnosis involves endoscopic evaluation and biopsy to confirm the presence of an ulcer and rule out other potential causes.

Treatment Options for Gastritis, Abdominal Pain, and Gastric Ulcers:

Medications:

  • Antibiotics: Prescribed for H. pylori infection to eradicate the bacteria and promote ulcer healing.
  • Antacids: These help neutralise stomach acid and alleviate symptoms temporarily.

Lifestyle modifications:

  • Avoiding trigger foods: Spicy, acidic, and fatty foods, as well as alcohol and caffeine, can worsen symptoms and delay healing.
  • Stress management: Techniques like meditation, deep breathing exercises, and regular exercise can help reduce stress and improve overall well-being.

Endoscopic interventions:

  • Endoscopic therapy: For actively bleeding ulcers or high-risk ulcers, endoscopic techniques such as injection of epinephrine or application of hemostatic agents may be used to stop bleeding and promote healing.
  • Endoscopic resection: In certain cases, endoscopic procedures can be performed to remove abnormal tissue or treat complications related to ulcers.
  • Gastric ulcers can be malignant and can be evaluated by biopsies done by endoscopy.

Gastritis, abdominal pain, and gastric ulcers can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. Prompt diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and lifestyle modifications are crucial for effective management. Consulting with a healthcare professional is essential to determine the best course of action based on individual circumstances.