General Surgery

Understanding Hydrocele and Treatment Options:

Hydrocele is a common condition that affects the male reproductive system. It occurs when fluid accumulates in the sac surrounding the testes, leading to swelling and discomfort.

Understanding Hydrocele:

A hydrocele is characterised by the buildup of fluid in the scrotum, resulting in swelling and enlargement. It can occur due to various factors, such as an imbalance in fluid production and absorption, inflammation, infection, or injury. Hydroceles can be classified as communicating (when fluid flows between the abdomen and scrotum) or non-communicating (when fluid accumulates but does not flow). Although hydroceles are generally painless, they can cause discomfort and affect daily activities, leading individuals to seek treatment.

Treatment Options for Hydrocele:


In some cases, hydroceles associated with inflammation or infection may be treated with appropriate medications, such as antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs. This approach targets the underlying cause and aims to reduce swelling and discomfort.

Surgical Excision (Hydrocelectomy) :

Hydrocelectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the hydrocele sac. It is considered when conservative measures are ineffective or when the hydrocele causes significant discomfort or interferes with daily activities. The surgery is typically performed under general or local anaesthesia, and an incision is made in the scrotum to access the hydrocele sac, which is then carefully excised. The remaining layers are sutured together to prevent fluid accumulation. Recovery time varies, but most individuals can resume normal activities within a few weeks.

Consulting with a healthcare professional is essential to determine the most suitable treatment approach based on individual circumstances.