General Surgery

Sebaceous Cyst: Understanding and Treatment Options:

A sebaceous cyst, is a noncancerous growth that forms beneath the skin. It develops when the sebaceous glands, which produce oil to lubricate the hair and skin, become blocked or damaged. Sebaceous cysts can occur on various parts of the body and are typically harmless. However, they may cause discomfort or require treatment if they become infected or inflamed.

Symptoms and Diagnosis:

Sebaceous cysts often appear as small, round bumps beneath the skin. They are usually painless and can range in size from a few millimetres to several centimetres. The cysts may have a whitish or yellowish appearance and may grow slowly over time. While most sebaceous cysts do not cause symptoms, they can become tender, red, or swollen if infected. Diagnosis is typically made through a physical examination, where a healthcare professional can assess the appearance and characteristics of the cyst.

Treatment Options:

  1. Incision and Drainage: An Infected or painful cyst may require medical intervention. A healthcare professional can make a small incision in the cyst, allowing the contents to drain. This procedure provides relief and helps prevent further infection. However, complete removal of the cyst’s sac wall is necessary to prevent recurrence
  2. Surgical Excision: When a sebaceous cyst is recurrent, large, or causing persistent symptoms, surgical removal becomes necessary. During the procedure, the cyst and its sac wall are entirely excised to minimise the risk of recurrence. This approach ensures complete removal of the cyst and is typically performed under local anaesthesia.

Your surgeon will request you for another visit or a repeated procedure if the sebaceous cyst is large or infected.

If you suspect you have a sebaceous cyst or are experiencing any symptoms, it is crucial to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.